Purpose, Insecurity, and Gender Identity: Hemingway’s Take on the Lost Generation in The Sun Also Rises

As a lifelong fan of Hemingway’s short stories, I found The Sun Also Rises to be a surprising change from his normal literary style. Contrary to Hemingway’s predisposition toward succinct, observation-driven storytelling and apathetic exposition, The Sun Also Rises is filled with loaded language, moments of intense vulnerability delivered character dialogue, and comprehensive internalized focalization…

Saving Liberal Democracy from Terrorism and Itself: Restructuring to Better Serve and Protect its Citizens

Introduction: Understanding Liberal Democracy in the Present Day   Liberal democracy, as found primarily in modern western cultures, is a political form of government operating under elected representatives whose primary purpose is the exercise of the general will of its citizens while providing security, stability, and liberties to those whom it represents.[1]  In countries like…