Purpose, Insecurity, and Gender Identity: Hemingway’s Take on the Lost Generation in The Sun Also Rises

As a lifelong fan of Hemingway’s short stories, I found The Sun Also Rises to be a surprising change from his normal literary style. Contrary to Hemingway’s predisposition toward succinct, observation-driven storytelling and apathetic exposition, The Sun Also Rises is filled with loaded language, moments of intense vulnerability delivered character dialogue, and comprehensive internalized focalization…

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Saving Liberal Democracy from Terrorism and Itself: Restructuring to Better Serve and Protect its Citizens

Introduction: Understanding Liberal Democracy in the Present Day   Liberal democracy, as found primarily in modern western cultures, is a political form of government operating under elected representatives whose primary purpose is the exercise of the general will of its citizens while providing security, stability, and liberties to those whom it represents.[1]  In countries like…

Dido vs. Aeneas: Who’s The Most Pious One of All?

Another sampling of my academic writing! ___________________________________ Dido vs. Aeneas: Who’s The Most Pious One of All?             One of the most common themes cited in Virgil’s The Aeneid is piety, specifically piety in terms of dutiful obedience to the gods’ will. Many scholars would argue that Aeneas’ greatest character trait is his duty, cited…

Antigone’s Greatest Enemy: Ismene

Another sampling of my academic writing. ____________________________________________________ Antigone’s Greatest Enemy: Ismene A common interpretation of Sophocles’ play, Antigone, is that Creon is the greatest adversary to Antigone’s will, and ultimately his obstinacy led to her suicide [and the tragic end to his lineage]. While I agree Creon’s initial decision to deny Antigone’s brother, Polyneices, a…